The Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) requires federal agencies and those providing services on their behalf to develop, document, and implement security programs for information technology systems and store the data on U.S. soil. This means that, under some federal contracts or grants, information the university collects or information systems that the university uses to process or store research data need to comply with FISMA.
Whether data is regulated by FISMA is typically called out in a Request for Proposal (RFP) or in contract or grant language. It is important that researchers review grant and contract language closely to identify FISMA or other information security requirements.
Examples of research work that might be regulated by FISMA include research in which data is provided by federal organizations such as:
- National Institutes of Health
- Department of Veterans Affairs